30 years of Metro Exhibition

Date: From 15 to 29 October  (Closed for maintenance reasons since October 30th)

Sala Lametro opening hours: Lunes a sábado 10:30 a 13:30 y 17:00 a 19:00

30 years of Metro Exhibition

Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana (FGV) celebrates in October 2018 the 30th anniversary of the first underground trip in the city of Valencia.

The commissioning of this first underground section between the stations of Hospital and Beniferri, marked a first step towards the expansion and upgrading process of the network, the works transferred by the State to the Generalitat (Regional Government) in 1986.

The expansion of Metrovalencia continues with the commencement of the Line 10 works which will link downtown Valencia, from calle Alicante, with the Natzaret neighbourhood of Natzaret.

At long last Valencia has an underground!

8 October 1988, At long last Valencia has an underground!

On 8 October 1988, the first trip underground (underneaf!!) the city of Valencia was undertaken. At long last Valencia had an underground service and became the third Spanish city in having this metropolitan transport system, after Madrid and Barcelona.

This first underground link was executed by the Ministry of Transport and permitted the refurbishment of an eight station (Beniferri, Campanar-La Fe, Túria, Àngel Guimerà, Plaça Espanya, Jesús, Patraix, and Hospital –nowadays Safranar-) seven-kilometre tunnel and which linked the Northern Lines (Llíria y Bétera) with those of the Southern Lines (Villanueva de Castellón).

The tunnel descended underground from the above-ground Ademuz Station (nowadays Empalme) and which surfaces once again above ground at Sant Isidre to link with València Sud. 

The underground section

The underground section

The new underground penetration led to the modification of the FGV network, until then divided in two and with which the new tunnel linked and unified.  The network was consolidated with four lines in service where the trains operated as shuttles.

For the construction of this underground section, it was excavated between cut-off walls, from the surface, to the lower level of the vault.  The budget for this action totalled 8,500 million pesetas. To this sum must be added the amount of the investment corresponding to the freezing works at the Jesús Station, which exceeded 2,000 million pesetas.

In this construction stage, an entire operation as regards withdrawal, preservation in nurseries and subsequent replanting of the trees of the Gran Vía Fernando el Católico was necessary.

All the problems derivative from the presence of groundwater, were solved using traditional pumping systems, with the exception of the Jesús Station.

The Jesús Station

This station had to be constructed to a greater depth in order to avoid a collector from the municipal sewage network. When excavating deeper, an underground river with significant volume and flow rate was discovered, which led to the suspension of the excavation works.

Estación de Jesús de Metrovalencia

After applying traditional pumping techniques and the Well Point system, it was decided to use an innovative sophisticated freezing technique, using liquid nitrogen, over a 150-metre section, being one of the largest works in Europe in which this technique was applied.

Metrovalencia grows

First section of Tram Line 4. 21st of May 1994First section of Tram Line 4

Many years after 1988, on 21 May 1994, the first section of tram line 4 was put into operation.

With this action, Valencia was a pioneer in Spain in the reintroduction of this transport system.

This first section of Tram Line 4 was 9.7 kilometres long and had 21 stops.

 

Alameda

Nearly seven years following the opening of the first underground section, on 5 May 1995, a new branch line of the underground was put into operation between the Palmaret and Alameda stations, designed by the architect Santiago Calatrava.

Xàtiva-Colón

On 16 September 1998, Line 3 was extended from the Alameda Station to the Avinguda del Cid Station and the branch line between Colón and Jesús was put into operation. This action was a key milestone in the evolution of Metrovalencia and in the progress of public transport in the capital and its metropolitan area, reaching the heart of the city, both financial, as well as business and commercial centres. Furthermore, the link with Renfe was obtained, thanks to the Xàtiva Station.

Other expansions

After several expansions in 1999, such as the arrival of the tram to Televisión Valenciana (TVV) and Feria Valencia (Valencia Trade Fair) and that of the underground to Mislata-Almassil, in 2001 the new Empalme Station was opened, which has become an important intermodal axis of Valencia and its metropolitan area.

First section of Line 5

Already in the 21st century, and bearing the official name of Metrovalencia, in use since 1998, the metropolitan transport network continues to grow. In April 2003, the first section of the new Line 5 was put into operation, which will provide in the future a link between Valencia’s maritime façade and the Manises Airport. Having three new stations (Aragón, Amistat and Ayora) and 2.3 kilometres long.

Aragón and Torrent Avinguda stations

On 22 September 2004, the underground station of Torrent Avinguda was opened and added to the former station of this l’Horta Sud municipality. A year later, on 3 October 2005, the Bailén Station was opened.  Designed as an intermodal hub of the Metrovalencia network, connected to the central station.  During the same year the tram reached LLoma Llarga and Mas del Rosari.

3 July 2006, the saddest memory

the Jesús Station recovered its former name

On 3 July 2006, in the underground section between the Plaça d’Espanya and Jesús Stations of Metrovalencia Line 1, the most serious accident in the history of FGV took place, with a balance of 43 dead and 47 injured.  The judicial proceedings remain open.

Ten years later, on 3 July 2016, in the presence of the members of the Asociación de Víctimas del Metro 3J (3J Underground Victims Association) and representatives of the Valencian institutions, the Jesús Station recovered its former name, which had been changed years earlier.

 

 

 

Port-Airport Link

In 2007, the expected link between the port and the airport was completed. In April, the new Marítim-Serrería Line 5 interchange station and the expansion to the harbour jetty were put into operation (Neptú stop, nowadays called Marina Reial Joan Carles I).

But in 2007, another milestone was reached.  In October Line 6 was brought into service, covering the route between the Plaza Tossal del Rei (Plaza Tossal del Rei Square) and the Marítim-Serrería station via 9.2 kilometre route.

At the other end of Line 5, also in April, the expansion section between Mislata-Almassil and Manises Airport was opened. With the opening of these new sections, an important public transport hub is configured which links the three major mobility generating centres of the metropolitan area:  port, airport and Renfe central station.

Alameda station

Benimàmet station Aeroport station

In December 2010 the underground stations of Alboraya (Palmaret and Peris Aragó) opened and in May 2011 those of Benimámet and Les Carolinas-Fira which replaced the former above ground stations.

On 6 March 2015, the underground reached Riba-roja de Túria, after years of waiting, coinciding with the restructuring of the Metrovalencia network and the change in the line nomenclatures.

From Rosas station, the route runs through the municipalities of Manises and Riba-roja, having a length of 9,467 metres, 640 metres underground, and 8,516 metres above ground.  Having four new stops, namely, La Cova, La Presa, Masía de Traver and Riba-roja de Túria.  In July 2018, the new Valencia la Vella Station was opened.

Advantages of the underground and tram

Advantages of the underground and tram

    • No need to drive, a professional is in charge of doing so.
    • No need to service the car. We do it for you.
    • No need to stop at a petrol station to fill the car’s tank.
    • One can travel by oneself or with a travelling companion, without worrying about who is driving.
    • No need to check car and insurance papers.  Our ticket includes Compulsory Travellers Insurance (AOV).
    • Forget about looking for parking or a shaded parking spot in summer.
    • One can read, listen to music, think …
    • One can use his/her mobile phone or tablet whilst travelling and using the applications.
    • You clean your car; the underground, us.
    • No pollution whilst travelling.
    • And remember that the accident rate of public transport is much lower than that of private vehicles.

A transport for the general public

A transport for the general public

Metrovalencia is a modern transport operation when compared to much older undergrounds, that is why in terms of accessibility it has adapted itself and continues to do so as regards the needs and demands of all travellers.

Valencia’s 35 underground stations have 137 escalators and 84 lifts, and the 103 above ground are equipped with ramps to bridge the unevenness between the street and the platforms.

Since 2017 the company has a Universal Accessibility Plan which is the conceptual framework that governs, organises and promotes all the initiatives that FGV has to undertake to comply with prevailing legislation and meet the requirements of disability entities, for the purposes of obtaining a railway transport which offers the same opportunities and possibilities to the entire population.

It is the guideline which stipulates the actions and new initiatives that FGV promotes in order to obtain an accessible railway transport for everyone and that frames all the present and future action of the company.

 

Looking to the future: Line 10

Looking to the future: Line 10

Years later following the expansion of Metrovalencia network had been suspended, the Generalitat (Regional Government) has commenced the actions necessary to resume the Line 10 works which will link calle Alicante with the  neighbourhood of Natzaret.

The President of the Generalitat (Regional Government), Ximo Puig, announced on 12 June 2017 that the Valencian Government had unblocked the Metrovalencia Line 10 situation.

The works suspended since 2011, have an initial investment of 50 million Euros, of which 30 million Euros will be contributed by the regional government and 20 million will be co-financed by the European Union through the 2014-2020 operational programme of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) of the Valencian Community.

Line L10 Data from calle Alicante to Nazaret.

    • Line L10 Data from calle Alicante to Nazaret.
    • Total length: 5320 metres
    • Total Stops: 8
    • Underground section length: 2055 metres
    • Stops: 3
    • Above ground section length: 2977 metres
    • Stops: 5

Up to the Maritime Façade

FGV has been awarded technical assistance for the drafting of the studies and projects of the future Metrovalencia Line L10 between calle Alicante and Natzaret with a budget of 1.15 million Euros (VAT included).

Up to the Maritime Façade

Together with the drafting of the construction projects, FGV plans to complete the studies focused on ensuring the correct definition of the line and future expansions of the underground and tram networks of Valencia and its metropolitan area.

Within the project, factors such as urban mobility, traveller demand, investment planning, etc. are analysed and projects are drawn up, among others, those of architecture and equipment of underground stations; infrastructure, superstructure and electrification; signalling and communications and integration.

Up to the Maritime Façade

After completion of the construction of the link to Natzaret, this line will connect with the existing Metrovalencia tram network through a section which will link to the current circuit on the maritime façade.

Up to the Maritime FaçadeUp to the Maritime Façade

Towards the improvement of services and frequencies

Concurrently to the expansion of the underground and tram network scheduled over the next few years, FGV is already working on addressing in the near future the challenges posed by the new mobility policies, intended at reducing the access of private vehicles to areas urban areas and fostering the use of collective or non-motorised transport.

It is necessary to improve the quality of the service required by increasingly demanding customers and users, offering an alternative to that of the private vehicle.

Towards the improvement of services and frequencies

The FGV Service Plan contemplates a 10-year horizon which includes the adoption of a series of measures, the purpose being the improvement of the adequacy of the service offer to transport demand. This is conducive to an improvement of the transit frequencies on the entire network.

Download the30 years of Metro Exhibition brochure